What is Mononucleosis?
Mononucleosis, which is sometimes referred to as “mono” or the “kissing disease”, is a viral condition that spreads through saliva, transmitted by either making an oral contact with an infected person i.e. kissing or by sharing the utensils or drinks of the infected person.
This contagious disease is less heard of because it is less common and you’re less likely to be infected by mono as compared to other viral diseases like the flu.
What Are the Effects?
The effects of Mononucleosis are mostly not very serious as it shows mild symptoms but in some cases it may lead to complications, making the disease dangerous, resulting in severe symptoms. In normal cases, it won’t affect your daily life but once it leads to complication you may not be able to continue with your daily routine for weeks.
What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Mono?
The incubation period of the virus is usually five to six weeks. The symptoms of the disease are very uncomfortable but with the passage of time, they get better on their own, almost most of the time.
If you are a young adult, you may experience Mononucleosis with all its signs and symptoms. When talking about kids, the infection may show fewer symptoms and often goes unnoticed.
The signs and symptoms of Mononucleosis are:
- Long lasting sore throat
- A Headache
- Sore muscles
- Loss of appetite
- Skin rash
- Enlarged lymph nodes in your armpits and neck
- Swollen tonsils
- Swollen spleen
Some symptoms such as fever and sore throat go away easily while other symptoms like fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, and swollen spleen may take some more time than other symptoms to get better, maybe even up to several weeks.
Whenever you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms for more than 2 weeks, visit your nearby walk-in clinic to seek professional medical attention.
What Are the Likely Complications?
Mononucleosis can sometimes lead to complications that may get serious sometimes.
- Enlargement of the spleen in extreme cases may lead to the rupture of the spleen followed by the sudden, sharp pain in the upper abdomen. If this happens, visit your nearest walk-in clinic, to seek urgent professional medical care as it is an emergency and you may even need a surgery.
- Liver issues such as Hepatitis and jaundice may be experienced as a result of mononucleosis. Both of these diseases are dangerous and are needed to be examined by medical professionals.
- Issues with the nervous system may include Guillain-Barre syndrome, meningitis, and encephalitis.
- Anemia is the decrease of an iron-rich protein in the red blood cells called Hemoglobin and the decrease in red blood cells themselves.
- Thrombocytopenia is the deficiency of cell fragments in our blood, called platelets, which are involved in the process of blood clotting.
The common complications are the liver issues and the enlargement of the spleen while complications like Anemia, Thrombocytopenia and nervous system issues are not very common. It is advised to visit any local walk-in clinic immediately at experiencing the symptoms of any of the complications mentioned above.
How Can You Prevent Mono?
No vaccine for mononucleosis exists so it can only be prevented by not kissing and by not sharing drinks and utensils with the person who has mononucleosis.
If you are already infected, you can prevent further spreading of the disease by not kissing and sharing drinks and utensils with other even after the symptoms are long gone as the disease may still be in your system even after the symptoms are long gone.
Visit your local walk in clinic to acquire more information and further medical assistance regarding the kissing disease.